Lewis Carroll was for many years widely assumed to have derived his own "Alice" from Alice Liddell, the daughter of a close friend. This was given some apparent substance by the fact the acrostic poem at the end of Through the Looking Glass spells out her name, and that there are many superficial references to her hidden in the text of both books. Carroll himself, however, repeatedly denied in his later life that his "little heroine" was based on any real child.
Though information is scarce (Carroll's diaries for the years 1858–1862 are missing), it does seem clear that Carroll's friendship with the Liddell family was an important part of his life in the late 1850's, and he grew into the habit of taking the children on rowing trips. It was during one such expedition, on July 4, 1862, that Carroll invented the outline of the story that eventually became his first and largest commercial success. Having told the story and been begged by Alice Liddell to write it down, Carroll eventually (after much delay) presented her with a handwritten, illustrated manuscript entitled Alice's Adventures Under Ground in November 1864. This manuscript became Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, which was first published in 1865 with illustrations by Sir James Tenniel. On his boat expedition, he was accompanied by Robinson Duckworth where he travels on the River Thames that inspired the book.
|Creators||Authors||Lewis Carroll - Anna Matlack Richards - Saki - Gilbert Adair - Frank Beddor|
|Illustrators||John Tenniel - Arthur Rackham - Blanche McManus - Peter Newell - Fanny Cory - Bessie Pease Gutmann - Charles Robinson - Harry Rountree - Harry Furniss - Mabel Lucie Attwell - Milo Winter - Oliver Herford - Uriel Birnbaum - Jessie Willcox Smith - Charles Folkard - Mervyn Peake - Alex Blum - Leonard Weisgard - Walt Disney - Marjorie Torrey - Tove Jansson - Ralph Steadman - Frank Bolle - Charles Blackman - Barry Moser - Michael Hague - Anthony Browne - Willy Pogany - Marie Laurencin - Salvador Dalí - Brothers Hildebrandt - Gavin O'Keefe - Tony Ross - Helen Oxenbury - Lisbeth Zwerger - Oleg Lipchenko - Franciszka Themerson|